Ofcounsels

Introduction

This report analyzes litigation at the Massachusetts Commission Against Discrimination.

The Massachusetts Commission Against Discrimination (MCAD) is the independent state agency that enforces the anti-discrimination laws of the Commonwealth through training, mediation, investigation, prosecution and adjudication. The MCAD has the authority to award money to the prevailing party after a public hearing.

Between 2010 and 2019 the Commission received 31,382 complaints of discrimination. On average about 86% of complaints were dismissed at the investigatory stage. Of the remaining 14% of cases, about half were settled prior to a public hearing. Only 1% percent of those complaints made it to a public hearing.

We analyzed the result of every public hearing from the years 2010 to 2020 to provide you with information, backed by data, about what to expect if you find yourself at the MCAD as either a plaintiff or a defendant.

Keyword Analysis

We started by reviewing each case to find keyword that were indicative of the issue being litigated. The vast majority of cases contained 4 to 5 keywords. Below is a list of the three most litigated and least litigated keywords.

Most Common
  • Employment
    76%
  • Retaliation
    35%
  • Disability/handicap
    34%
Least Common
  • Sex
    - 6%
  • Constructive Discharge
    - 6%
  • Pregnancy
    - 5%

Likelihood of Success by Keyword

Plaintiffs were most likely to win cases containing the housing keyword. Even though housing cases only made up 7% of the cases that went to public hearing, plaintiffs won 75% of the hearings.

Plaintiffs were least likely to win cases containing the termination keyword. Termination cases made up 27% of the cases that had a public hearing, plaintiffs won 44% of the hearings.

Average Financial Award by Keyword

The average amount money awarded to plaintiffs over this 10 year period, regardless of keyword, was $97,256.91.

On average, winning Plaintiff's who raised a claim including the "age" keyword were awarded $200,857.14; twice the average and more than any other category.

On average, winning Plaintiff's who raised a claim including the "housing" keyword were awarded $25,683.33; a little more than 1/4 of the average and the smallest average award of any other category.

Attorney Analysis

We also analyzed an attorney's probability of success at public hearing based on the number of hearings they litigated. The results are represented in the graph below. The graph's trendline shows that, in general, the more experience an attorney has at public hearing the greater their probalility of success. An individual attorney's success rate will vary based on their competence but their probability of success should increase with experience.

The data also shows that a party represented by an attorney has a greater probabilty of success than an unrepresented party. About 8% of parties represented themselves at public hearing as either plaintiffs or defendants. Self-represented plaintiffs won 40% of public hearings and self-represented defendants won 19% of public hearings. In contrast, Attorneys who only tried one public hearing, in this 10 year period, won 51% of the time when representing plaintiffs and 55% of the time when representing defendants. This data suggests that self-represented parties would have been better off hiring an attorney, even if that attorney had never tried a public hearing in the past. This is espcially true as 86% of attorneys tried their first and only public hearing during the time period we analyzed.

Most attorneys represent either plaintiffs or defendants exclusively. A small number, 13, represented both plaintiffs and defendants. These attorneys won 53% of public hearings when representing plaintiffs and 20% of public hearings when representing defendants.

Case Length

Following this trend, cases by self-represented parties took 7 years to resolve, on average, while cases with attorneys who only tried one public hearing were completed in 5 years. The average length of time it took from the filing of a complaint to the decision of a hearing was 6 years.

age
cases

13%

plt. win

46%

def. win

55%

color
cases

13%

plt. win

50%

def. win

50%

constructive discharge
cases

6%

plt. win

50%

def. win

50%

disability
cases

28%

plt. win

57%

def. win

44%

discrimination
cases

100%

plt. win

51%

def. win

50%

employment
cases

76%

plt. win

49%

def. win

52%

gender
cases

19%

plt. win

56%

def. win

45%

handicap
cases

6%

plt. win

58%

def. win

43%

housing
cases

7%

plt. win

75%

def. win

25%

national origin
cases

10%

plt. win

46%

def. win

55%

pregnancy
cases

5%

plt. win

73%

def. win

28%

race
cases

22%

plt. win

46%

def. win

55%

retaliation
cases

35%

plt. win

46%

def. win

55%

sex
cases

6%

plt. win

50%

def. win

50%

sexual harassment
cases

15%

plt. win

62%

def. win

39%

termination
cases

27%

plt. win

44%

def. win

57%

.
Tried 1 case
attorneys

165

win pct.

51%

avg. len.

7yrs

Tried 2 cases
attorneys

19

win pct.

50%

avg. len.

5yrs

Tried 3 cases
attorneys

7

win pct.

62%

avg. len.

5yrs

Tried 5 cases
attorneys

1

win pct.

60%

avg. len.

4yrs

Tried 6 cases
attorneys

1

win pct.

67%

avg. len.

5yrs

Tried 7 cases
attorneys

1

win pct.

86%

avg. len.

7yrs

Tried 9 cases
attorneys

2

win pct.

39%

avg. len.

6yrs

Tried 1 case
attorneys

186

win pct.

55%

avg. len.

6yrs

Tried 2 cases
attorneys

18

win pct.

67%

avg. len.

6yrs

Tried 3 cases
attorneys

2

win pct.

84%

avg. len.

5yrs

Tried 4 cases
attorneys

1

win pct.

50%

avg. len.

5yrs

Tried 6 cases
attorneys

1

win pct.

67%

avg. len.

7yrs

Tried 7 cases
attorneys

1

win pct.

86%

avg. len.

5yrs

Tried 9 cases
attorneys

1

win pct.

67%

avg. len.

6yrs

Jurisdiction License # Date Admitted
massachusetts 685378 2012 More info
massachusetts 652554 2002 More info
massachusetts 551680 1986 More info
massachusetts 682128 2011 More info
massachusetts 070620 1967 More info
massachusetts 641857 1998 More info
massachusetts 678142 2010 More info
massachusetts 555930 1990 More info
massachusetts 668467 2007 More info
massachusetts 547718 1986 More info
massachusetts 692673 2015 More info
massachusetts 697439 2016 More info
massachusetts 374510 1981 More info
massachusetts 527840 1979 More info
massachusetts 236850 1982 More info
massachusetts 556149 1990 More info
massachusetts 642406 1999 More info
massachusetts 563925 1993 More info
massachusetts 555474 1989 More info
massachusetts 567840 1994 More info
massachusetts 647902 2001 More info
massachusetts 430750 1982 More info
massachusetts 662029 2004 More info
massachusetts 101450 1983 More info
massachusetts 664366 2006 More info
massachusetts 106830 1982 More info
massachusetts 041800 1979 More info
massachusetts 061330 1981 More info
massachusetts 644807 1999 More info
massachusetts 666108 2006 More info
massachusetts 646515 2000 More info
massachusetts 369930 1982 More info
massachusetts 682574 2011 More info
massachusetts 638230 1997 More info
massachusetts 669497 2008 More info
massachusetts 548596 1986 More info
massachusetts 636124 1997 More info
massachusetts 551902 1988 More info
massachusetts 600947 2006 More info
massachusetts 662244 2005 More info
massachusetts 554843 1989 More info
massachusetts 673714 2008 More info
massachusetts 115910 1982 More info
massachusetts 645972 2000 More info
massachusetts 644435 1999 More info
massachusetts 643165 1999 More info
massachusetts 640400 1998 More info
massachusetts 559219 1991 More info
massachusetts 629444 1996 More info
massachusetts 081960 1980 More info
massachusetts 289160 1972 More info
massachusetts 642209 1999 More info
massachusetts 637542 1997 More info
massachusetts 562388 1993 More info
massachusetts 670051 2007 More info
massachusetts 164860 1980 More info
massachusetts 231220 1969 More info
massachusetts 628381 1995 More info
massachusetts 631397 1995 More info
massachusetts 564288 1993 More info
massachusetts 069660 1979 More info
massachusetts 656144 2003 More info
massachusetts 209220 1974 More info
massachusetts 556030 1990 More info
massachusetts 561024 1992 More info
massachusetts 671228 2007 More info
massachusetts 124360 1973 More info
massachusetts 339520 1975 More info
massachusetts 251000 1977 More info
massachusetts 665455 2006 More info
massachusetts 686840 2013 More info
massachusetts 665197 2006 More info
massachusetts 634385 1996 More info
massachusetts 558800 1991 More info
massachusetts 668987 2007 More info
massachusetts 397200 1972 More info
massachusetts 660893 2004 More info
massachusetts 558207 1991 More info
massachusetts 657461 2003 More info
massachusetts 432220 1981 More info
massachusetts 543679 1985 More info
massachusetts 655128 2002 More info
massachusetts 561332 1992 More info
massachusetts 678284 2010 More info
massachusetts 631008 1995 More info
massachusetts 558850 1991 More info
massachusetts 554656 1989 More info
massachusetts 241800 1975 More info
massachusetts 638768 1998 More info
massachusetts 326580 1980 More info
massachusetts 554852 1989 More info
massachusetts 656497 2003 More info
massachusetts 664049 2005 More info
massachusetts 628742 1995 More info
massachusetts 630776 1995 More info
massachusetts 094090 1982 More info
massachusetts 645247 1999 More info
massachusetts 549258 1986 More info
massachusetts 666407 2006 More info
massachusetts 546359 1985 More info
massachusetts 681139 2011 More info
massachusetts 679371 2010 More info
massachusetts 631455 1995 More info
massachusetts 671844 2008 More info
massachusetts 543681 1985 More info
massachusetts 555789 1990 More info
massachusetts 565082 1993 More info
massachusetts 671113 2007 More info
massachusetts 662958 2005 More info
massachusetts 636853 1997 More info
massachusetts 019610 1982 More info
massachusetts 550851 1987 More info
massachusetts 658031 2003 More info
massachusetts 564614 1993 More info
massachusetts 669083 2007 More info
massachusetts 549779 1987 More info
massachusetts 654172 2002 More info
massachusetts 674522 2009 More info
massachusetts 663866 2005 More info
massachusetts 673269 2008 More info
massachusetts 550538 1987 More info
massachusetts 545358 1985 More info
massachusetts 676091 2009 More info
massachusetts 026160 1977 More info
massachusetts 679329 2010 More info
massachusetts 340600 1979 More info
massachusetts 639249 1998 More info
massachusetts 455820 1980 More info
massachusetts 551735 1988 More info
massachusetts 641615 1998 More info
massachusetts 650377 2001 More info
massachusetts 558672 1991 More info
massachusetts 667323 2006 More info
massachusetts 631341 1995 More info
massachusetts 631423 1995 More info
massachusetts 362020 1964 More info
massachusetts 661775 2004 More info
massachusetts 542432 1983 More info
massachusetts 659098 2003 More info
massachusetts 629784 1995 More info
massachusetts 666847 2006 More info
massachusetts 405760 1979 More info
massachusetts 652262 2002 More info
massachusetts 435100 1951 More info
massachusetts 644586 1999 More info
massachusetts 521340 1979 More info
massachusetts 660645 2005 More info
massachusetts 556609 1990 More info
massachusetts 643764 2000 More info
massachusetts 639778 1998 More info
massachusetts 556429 1990 More info
massachusetts 551955 1988 More info
massachusetts 548280 1986 More info
massachusetts 644063 1999 More info
massachusetts 493780 1973 More info
massachusetts 549056 1986 More info
massachusetts 543330 1977 More info
massachusetts 550732 1987 More info
massachusetts 340120 1973 More info
massachusetts 546110 1985 More info
massachusetts 559318 1991 More info
massachusetts 103300 1980 More info
massachusetts 628853 1995 More info
massachusetts 352850 1981 More info
massachusetts 638344 1997 More info
massachusetts 339990 1982 More info
massachusetts 664836 2005 More info
texas 10714050 1991
massachusetts 551062 1988 More info
massachusetts 639870 1998 More info
massachusetts 305755 1981 More info
massachusetts 565246 1993 More info
massachusetts 564868 1993 More info
massachusetts 027990 1981 More info
massachusetts 542282 1983 More info
massachusetts 364220 1972 More info
massachusetts 666792 2006 More info
massachusetts 652400 2002 More info
massachusetts 630722 1995 More info
massachusetts 550533 1987 More info
massachusetts 668824 2007 More info
massachusetts 071920 1977 More info
massachusetts 564317 1993 More info
massachusetts 203890 1982 More info
new york 1673698 1980
massachusetts 630663 1995 More info
massachusetts 682208 2011 More info
massachusetts 630395 1995 More info
massachusetts 365390 1982 More info
massachusetts 630484 1995 More info
massachusetts 542976 1984 More info
massachusetts 659313 2003 More info
massachusetts 545282 1985 More info
massachusetts 558060 1991 More info
massachusetts 567674 1994 More info
massachusetts 550801 1987 More info
massachusetts 548484 1986 More info
massachusetts 065720 1977 More info
massachusetts 542042 1983 More info
massachusetts 565088 1993 More info
massachusetts 564255 1993 More info
massachusetts 681360 2011 More info
massachusetts 568158 1994 More info
massachusetts 497240 1981 More info
massachusetts 544763 1985 More info
missouri 59730 2007
massachusetts 658063 2003 More info
massachusetts 632698 1996 More info
massachusetts 665974 2006 More info
massachusetts 665019 2005 More info
massachusetts 557425 1990 More info
massachusetts 629170 1995 More info
massachusetts 557097 1990 More info
massachusetts 632881 1996 More info
massachusetts 553853 1989 More info
massachusetts 564786 1993 More info
massachusetts 629185 1996 More info
massachusetts 456910 1982 More info
massachusetts 683622 2012 More info
massachusetts 553776 1989 More info
massachusetts 547567 1986 More info
massachusetts 405020 1978 More info
massachusetts 349820 1978 More info
massachusetts 552692 1988 More info
massachusetts 662034 2004 More info
massachusetts 685450 2012 More info
massachusetts 637777 1997 More info
massachusetts 655176 2002 More info
massachusetts 355155 1981 More info
massachusetts 554632 1989 More info
massachusetts 679626 2010 More info
kentucky bobbysimpson1993 1993
massachusetts 285720 1977 More info
massachusetts 631401 1995 More info
massachusetts 567235 1994 More info
massachusetts 542779 1984 More info
massachusetts 561236 1992 More info
massachusetts 419460 1981 More info
massachusetts 547946 1986 More info
massachusetts 659280 2003 More info
massachusetts 550702 1987 More info
massachusetts 562298 1993 More info
massachusetts 681309 2011 More info
massachusetts 664451 2005 More info
massachusetts 676567 2009 More info
massachusetts 319980 1970 More info
massachusetts 676043 2009 More info
massachusetts 564906 1993 More info
massachusetts 542116 1983 More info
massachusetts 555554 1989 More info
massachusetts 563795 1993 More info
massachusetts 360315 1982 More info
massachusetts 475740 1979 More info
massachusetts 628843 1995 More info
massachusetts 675609 2009 More info
massachusetts 666080 2006 More info
massachusetts 673859 2008 More info
massachusetts 674014 2008 More info
massachusetts 649900 2001 More info
massachusetts 672343 2008 More info
massachusetts 689175 2013 More info
massachusetts 547598 1986 More info
massachusetts 649364 2001 More info
massachusetts 564749 1993 More info
massachusetts 674011 2008 More info
massachusetts 546847 1985 More info
massachusetts 085780 1974 More info
massachusetts 634810 1996 More info
massachusetts 406640 1974 More info
massachusetts 657480 2003 More info
massachusetts 670812 2007 More info
california 248737 2007
massachusetts 667553 2006 More info
massachusetts 544789 1985 More info
massachusetts 663635 2005 More info
massachusetts 675808 2009 More info
massachusetts 656000 2002 More info
massachusetts 567460 1994 More info
massachusetts 689935 2014 More info
massachusetts 644510 1999 More info
massachusetts 648556 2001 More info
massachusetts 675113 2009 More info
massachusetts 673541 2008 More info
massachusetts 253080 1979 More info
massachusetts 558755 1991 More info
massachusetts 679574 2010 More info
massachusetts 191500 1976 More info
massachusetts 670545 2007 More info
massachusetts 684569 2012 More info
massachusetts 159000 1974 More info
massachusetts 554135 1989 More info
massachusetts 656427 2003 More info
massachusetts 624912 2012 More info
massachusetts 090040 1977 More info
massachusetts 634710 1996 More info
massachusetts 538380 1962 More info
massachusetts 545149 1985 More info
massachusetts 211750 1982 More info
massachusetts 676911 2009 More info
massachusetts 688062 2013 More info
massachusetts 631190 1996 More info
massachusetts 660572 2004 More info
massachusetts 687812 2013 More info
massachusetts 681671 2011 More info
massachusetts 664197 2005 More info
massachusetts 554671 1989 More info
massachusetts 077260 1979 More info
massachusetts 681302 2011 More info
massachusetts 553698 1988 More info
massachusetts 561897 1992 More info
massachusetts 427280 1974 More info
massachusetts 666494 2006 More info
massachusetts 671853 2008 More info
massachusetts 634564 1996 More info
massachusetts 417040 1977 More info
massachusetts 552345 1988 More info
massachusetts 679233 2010 More info
massachusetts 677511 2009 More info
massachusetts 558249 1991 More info
massachusetts 670389 2007 More info
massachusetts 547989 1986 More info
massachusetts 638605 1998 More info
massachusetts 299660 1977 More info
massachusetts 433300 1980 More info
massachusetts 564947 1993 More info
massachusetts 633828 1997 More info
massachusetts 516080 1979 More info
massachusetts 022980 1977 More info
massachusetts 671752 2008 More info
massachusetts 544166 1985 More info
massachusetts 667537 2006 More info
massachusetts 267000 1975 More info
massachusetts 638059 1997 More info
massachusetts 681821 2011 More info
massachusetts 651368 2002 More info
massachusetts 665196 2006 More info
massachusetts 638124 1997 More info
massachusetts 666651 2006 More info
massachusetts 126210 1983 More info
massachusetts 639000 1998 More info
massachusetts 654369 2002 More info
massachusetts 653448 2002 More info
massachusetts 654013 2002 More info
massachusetts 550975 1987 More info
massachusetts 685637 2012 More info
massachusetts 558852 1992 More info
massachusetts 669939 2007 More info
massachusetts 682822 2011 More info
massachusetts 542338 1983 More info
massachusetts 684287 2012 More info
massachusetts 691887 2014 More info
massachusetts 551536 1988 More info
massachusetts 564151 1993 More info
massachusetts 667485 2006 More info
tennessee 011415 1985
massachusetts 690970 2015 More info
massachusetts 635787 1997 More info
massachusetts 550322 1987 More info
massachusetts 550650 1987 More info
massachusetts 677566 2010 More info
massachusetts 550807 1988 More info
massachusetts 365300 1975 More info
massachusetts 554853 1989 More info
massachusetts 682441 2011 More info
massachusetts 630834 1995 More info
massachusetts 092010 1982 More info
massachusetts 556275 1990 More info
massachusetts 600979 2008 More info
massachusetts 326740 1971 More info
massachusetts 554623 1989 More info
massachusetts 638541 1998 More info
massachusetts 287820 1977 More info
massachusetts 209980 1978 More info
massachusetts 494620 1977 More info
massachusetts 669201 2007 More info
massachusetts 550391 1987 More info
connecticut 407285 1992
massachusetts 343960 1977 More info
massachusetts 631066 1995 More info
massachusetts 629216 1995 More info
massachusetts 674674 2009 More info
massachusetts 673243 2008 More info
massachusetts 686597 2012 More info
massachusetts 690773 2014 More info
massachusetts 674836 2009 More info
massachusetts 676984 2009 More info
massachusetts 262360 1977 More info
massachusetts 666082 2006 More info
massachusetts 547702 1986 More info
massachusetts 091500 1977 More info
massachusetts 638122 1997 More info
massachusetts 564860 1993 More info
massachusetts 675654 2009 More info
massachusetts 683428 2011 More info
massachusetts 560330 1992 More info
massachusetts 629999 1996 More info
massachusetts 667497 2006 More info
massachusetts 645595 2000 More info
massachusetts 687707 2014 More info
massachusetts 648111 2001 More info
massachusetts 665232 2006 More info
massachusetts 563003 1993 More info
massachusetts 684541 2012 More info
massachusetts 666786 2006 More info
massachusetts 681531 2011 More info
massachusetts 691089 2014 More info
massachusetts 543825 1985 More info
massachusetts 664228 2006 More info
massachusetts 694178 2015 More info
massachusetts 354910 1981 More info
massachusetts 660495 2005 More info
massachusetts 631985 1996 More info
massachusetts 171660 1978 More info
massachusetts 342440 1975 More info
massachusetts 678490 2010 More info
massachusetts 664136 2005 More info
massachusetts 676093 2009 More info
massachusetts 666855 2006 More info
massachusetts 556329 1990 More info